आनन्द रामायण

ANANDA RAMAYANA: Attributed to The Great Sage Valmiki (2 Volumes)


Category puneet.trehan
Subject: Samveda Samhita
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Weight: NULLgm

From the Jacket:



With the composition of the Ramayana by the sage Valmiki, there was a boost in the popularity of the story of Rama. The life of Rama had been quite ideal and his life stories had been quite popular with the masses, possibly in fragments in earlier times but Valmiki did a great service to the country by composing the Ramayana which happens to be the earliest poetic excellence besides being quite unique and unparallel.

Various Ramayanas in Sanskrit like the Adhyatma, Mantra, Adbhuta and Ananda Ramayana were also composed. In the Ananda Ramayana several events of later period have been included which could never appear to have been composed by Valmiki at all. There is a tradition that the Ananda Ramayana was composed by some one in the fourteenth century or so by a great poet, which appears to be acceptable by and large.

One of the most interesting aspect of this Ramayana is the inclusion of the episode of abduction of Kausalya by Ravana which stands included in the first Sarga of the Sara-kanda. Further, this Ramayana portraits iconographical features of Rama and his brothers, describes about birth of Sita, Ravana carrying Parvati , skill of Hanuman etc.. This Ramayana also has the unique coverage highlighting the Ramaraksa-stotras, a thousand name of Rama and the formation of several types of Ramabhadra and Ramalingatobhadras, besides Rama, Sita and the other kavacas.

The entire translation of the present edition has been divided into 10 Kandas, starting with the Sara-kanda and ending with the Purna-kanda. This is the first time that an English translation has been done of this excellent Ramayana in Sanskrit. The translator has done a great labour to attempt an authentic translation of Ananda Ramayana.





Ever since the dawn of civilization on earth, man has been wandering here and there in search of protection from the natural, man-made, visible and invisible forces. He had been sometimes successful in his efforts and sometimes not. Evidently the forces of nature attracted him most and he was more attracted towards the sun, the moon and the rains, the water and greenery. But soon he learnt of domesticating the animals and with that his requirements multiplied and so was the case with the dangers from several causes and anxiety to ward them off. This could be the reason why the Vedic literature considered to be the earliest treatises of the country, initially emphasised invoking of the forces of nature for seeking various types of favours. With the developing of the farming the needs of the people were multiplied and so were their problems in which the nature again played a forceful role. Still the people at large invoked these forces of nature like the sun, the moon, Indra, Varuna, Rudra, Kala, Usas and several other gods to rid themselves of a varied types of dangers.

Soon -the Vedic deities were personified and started being adored in human form instead of in abstract forms as in the early Vedic age. The post – Vedic literature massively, contributed towards the personification of these deities. Not only were these gods personified but their forms met with change with the passage of time. For example, Vedic Rudra was later conceived as Siva, Prajapati as Brahma and Visnu, who was not so powerful a Vedic god, was conceived as a mighty all pervading god having four arms in the post-Vedic literature. Gradually the iconography of these gods was slowly developed but by about the Puranic times when various attributes were also prescribed for them in the sitting or standing postures.

Of all the Vedic gods, Visnu happened to be the only one who was conceived to incarnate on earth quite often in order to rid the earth of her burden and for the destruction of the evil as well as for the upliftment of the noble people. The Puranas are quite vocal about the various incarnations of Visnu. Though the Puranas differ on the exact number of incarnations of Visnu but by and large, the ten incarnations of Visnu are widely accepted by different texts.

The incarnations of Rama happens to be the seventh in the series and has been most popular with the people besides that of Krsna who followed Rama. The life of Rama had been quite ideal and his life stories had been quite popular with the masses, possibly in fragments in earlier times but Valmiki did a great service to the country by composing the Ramayana which happens to be the earliest poetic excellence besides being quite unique and unparallel.

With the composition of the Ramayana by the sage Valmlki, there was a boost in the popularity of the story of Rama. Of course, Valmlki composed his work on the basis of the brief of the story provided to him by Narada at the instance of Brahma, but evidently he himself collected the scattered fragments of Rama's story, so abundantly available in every nook and corner of the country, but still he could not incorporate in his work all of them. As an instant, it may be pointed out that the tribals of Bastar and other tribal areas in Madhya Pradesh, have their own versions of the Ramayana story which in many ways differ from the story of the sage Valmlki.

Soon the tendency of bringing out the Ramayana in regional languages gained momentum, particularly in the medieval times and several such works in Hindi, Bengali, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and several other languages were brought out. In spite of the Ramayana works in the regional languages, the Sanskrit poets did not neglect the theme altogether. Indeed several Sanskrit poets like Bharavi, Kumaradasa, Bhavabhuti, Bhasa, Kalidasa and did pay special attention to the story and incorporated the same in their works in some form or the other.





Sarga-1The marriage of Dasaratha and Kausalya and performing of Putresahi yajna by Rsyasrnga.1
Sarga-2Birth of Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna.9
Sarga-3The killing of Tadaka, redemption of Ahalya and Sita's Svayamvara.12
Sarga-4Rama's battle with enemy kings and the curse of Vrnda to Visnu.41
Sarga-5Redemption of Kalaha by Dharmadatta.53
Sarga-6Entry if Rama in the Dandaka forest.63
Sarga-7Killing of Viradha and Khara, Dusana by Rama.73
Sarga-8Friendship between Rama and Sugriva besides killing of Vali.86
Sarga-9Hanuman arrives in Lanka in search of Sita and burning of Lanka.95
Sarga-10Battle between armies of Rama and Ravana.120
Sarga-11Killing of Ravana at the hands of Rama.141
Sarga-12Crowning of Sri Rama.163
Sarga-13Conversation between Agastya and Rama.178

(2) Yatra-kanda

Sarga-1The story relating to the creation of Ramayana.194
Sarga-2Composing of Ramayana by Valmiki.197
Sarga-3Rama commands the messengers to reach the confluence of Ganga and Sarayu204
Sarga-4Rama divides Sarayu river into two parts210
Sarga-5The story of Kumbhodhara.218
Sarga-6Pilgrimage of eastern countries.224
Sarga-7Sri Rama's pilgrimage of the south.234
Sarga-8Rama's pilgrimage to the western region.241
Sarga-9Pilgrimage of Sri Rama to the northern region of the country and his return to Ayodhya.244

(3) Yaga-kanda

Sarga-1Collection of the material for the performing of the yajna251
Sarga-2Rama's advice to Laksmana to remain cautious at the time of the performing of yajna.255
Sarga-3Return of the sacrificial horse of Rama to Ayodhya after roaming about everywhere.260
Sarga-4Rama's meeting with the Sage Kumbhodhara.264
Sarga-6Daily routine of Sri Rama.274
Sarga-7Glory of hoisting of flag.278
Sarga-8Description of purification bath after the performing of yajna.283
Sarga-9Completion of Asvamedha-yajna.290


Sarga-1Ramastotra recited by Siva.298
Sarga-2Description of beauty of Sita by Sri Rama.305
Sarga-3Description of Deha-Ramayana by Rama as questioned by Sita.311
Sarga-4Description of the various ornaments of Sita.317
Sarga-5Water sports of Sita.324
Sarga-6Daily routine of Sri Rama and Sita.329
Sarga-7Blessing of Rama to the damsels of the heaven.333
Sarga-8Anger of Sita over Rama because of the concubine Pingala.335
Sarga-9Visit of Sri Rama at Kuruksetra on the eve of the solar eclipse.345

(5) Janma-kanda

Sarga-1Rama's visit to the orchard.350
Sarga-2Sri Rama and Sita roam about in the orchard.355
Sarga-3Rama disowns Sita.359
Sarga-4Birth of Lava-Kusa in the asrama of Valmiki.366
Sarga-5Ramraksa Mahamantra.372
Sarga-6Lava brings the lotus flowers for his mother from Ayodhya.377
Sarga-7Battle of Rama and Laksmana with Lava and Kusa.382
Sarga-8Rama accepts Sita again.392
Sarga-9The yajnopavita ceremony of the children of Sri Rama and others.399

(6) Vivaha-kanda

Sarga-1Rama's visits to the kingdom of Bhurikirti in connection with svayamvara.411
Sarga-2Svayamvara of Campika the daughter of the king Bhurikirti.415
Sarga-3Svayamvara of Sumati the second princess.422
Sarga-4Description of the marriage of Lava and Kusa.428
Sarga-5Sri Rama frees Gandharvas and Naga damsels from the clutches of the water goddesses.432
Sarga-6The girls of Gandharvas and the serpents were to be married to the sons of Laksmana.435
Sarga-7The marriage of the daughters of Gandharvas and the serpents.439
Sarga-8Kidnapping of the Madansundari by Satrughna and Yupaketu.342
Sarga-9Expansion of the race of Sri Rama.449





(7)Rajya-kanda(Ist Half)

Sarga-2Reason for bringing Kalpavrksa and Parijata on earth.15
Sarga-3The sweet conversation between the devotees of Rama and Krisha.20
Sarga-4Rama bestows boon on hundred damsels and the story of Mulakasura.30
Sarga-5Separation of Rama and Sita.41
Sarga-6Distribution of the kingdom by Rama.46
Sarga-7Victory of Sri Rama over Bharatavarsa.55
Sarga-8Victory of Sri Rama over Jambudvipa.59
Sarga-9Victory of Sri Rama over Plaksadvipa and other six islands.64
Sarga-10Punishment by Rama to a Sanyasi, Sudra and the vulture.71
Sarga-11Sri Rama grants a boon to four Brahmana girls.81
Sarga-12Sri Rama grants boon to sixteen thousand damsels and four other women including Kalindi.87

(8)Rajya-kanda(2nd Half)

Sarga-13Rama bans laughing in his kingdom.97
Sarga-14The story of birth of Valmiki and appraisement of mantras.107
Sarga-15Rama and the qualities of Ramarajya.119
Sarga-16Rama's advice to Lava, Kusa and his brothers on polity.126
Sarga-17Svayamvara of Hema, the daughter of Kusa.134
Sarga-18Rama donates Ramanathapuram to the Brahmanas.142
Sarga-19Rama's daily routine.149
Sarga-20Incarnations of the lord. 159
Sarga-21Rama appears in two forms while blessing his slaves.168
Sarga-22Sita joins the fallen leaf of Tulasi plant.175
Sarga-23The glory of Ananda Ramayana.183
Sarga-24Rama's advice to Yama, Sumantra's departure for Vaikunaha and Rama's advice to his people.188

(9) Manohar-kanda

Sarga-1Ramayana in brief.200
Sarga-2Proceeding of Kausalya and other mothers to Vaikunaha.209
Sarga-3Development of the adoration of Rama.220
Sarga-4Expension of Laghuramatobhadra239
Sarga-5The method of creation of Ramalingatobhadra and other lingatobhadras.264
Sarga-6-aConsecration of the gods in Ramatobhadra and the glory of Ramanavami.294
Sarga-6-bThe story of Ramanavami.298
Sarga-7The method of writing the name of Rama and the method of completing it.315
Sarga-8Merit for reciting of Vedas and other scriptures.326
Sarga-9Special adoration of Sri Rama.336
Sarga-10The glory of spending the month of Caitra in Ayodhya.351
Sarga-11The glory of Caitra-snan.364
Sarga-12Advaita philosophy as propounded by Sri Rama.386
Sarga-13Hanuman-kavaca and Rama-kavaca.393
Sarga-14Description of Sita-kavaca. 404
Sarga-15Kavacas of Laksmana, Bharata and Satrughna.412
Sarga-16Consecration of Hanuman's flag.429
Sarga-17Brief of Ramayana as spoken by Sri Rama.434
Sarga-18Hanuman breaks arrow bridge made by Arjuna.444

(10) Purna-kanda

Sarga-1The expension of the story of lunar race.449
Sarga-2Departure of Rama to fight battle with the rulers of the lunar race.453
Sarga-3Rama's fight with the rulers of lunar race.460
Sarga-4Friendship between the rulers of solar and lunar races.464
Sarga-5Rama bids farewell to friends and other kings.469
Sarga-6Rama's proceeding to Vaikuntha.473
Sarga-7Description of solar race.478
Sarga-8Chornology of the Ananda Ramayana.481
Sarga-9The Merit of Listening to the Ananda Ramayana.486


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