गरुड़ पुराण

The Garuda Purana in Two Volumes


Subject: Kamba-Ramayana
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A few preliminary remarks on the history, scope and contents of the Garuda Puranam may be necessary. The Garuda Puranam may be safely described similar work to the Agni Puranam. Each of them treats of Para Vidya and Apara vidya secular knowledge and metaphysical truths, and partakes more of the nature of a catechism of the then prevailing Brahmananism, or of what a Brahmana was required to know at the time, than of the Puranam proper, at least if we may be admitted to look upon the Ramayana or the Rules of Pancha Sandhis, etc., the Guruda Puranam like its sister work. Reflects but the knowledge of the Brahmanical world at the time and had it used then as is have even now.

Cakrapani Dutta has quoted many a recipe from it and the Visnu Dharmottaram, according to several eminent authorities, originally formed a portion of the Garuda Puranam. All these factors emphatically demonstrate the fact that the Garuda Puranam was in existence even prior the tenth century, of the Christian Era. On the Contrary, we have reasons to believe that hosts of Puranas and Upapuranas were composed in the age of Brahmanic reniscence, which immediately followed the overthrow of Buddhism in India. The Garuda Puranam, like the Agni, Siva, Padma, and other Puranas were the exponents of the victorious Brahmanism tried to tutelary deity of each sect with the attributes of supreme divinity or Brahman and to equip its members with the Vedic literature became a new school of law. Medicine and metaphysics etc. re-instating the old errors of the Vedic literature as if to ignore the many advanced truths and principles of the later day Buddhistic science and to confirm the victory of Brahmanism.

The description of the incidents of the life of Buddha, however meager and incidental it might be, and the occurrence of the name of Susruta in the medical portion of the Garuda Puranam leaves not the slightest doubt that its author was intimately acquainted with the Buddhistic literature of the age, both medical and Metaphysical. It is a settled fact of history that the Susruta Samhita, at least the recension of the Sasruta Samhita by the Buddhist Nagarjuna, was written in the second century before the birth of Christ. Now the Susruta Samhita says that the number of bones in the human body is three hundred. The Visnu Smriti (Institutes of Visnu) following the orthodox (Vedic) non- medical opinion on the subject gives it as three hundred sixty-six.

We know that Nagarjuna, the Buddhist redacter of the Susruta Samhita, mentioned in his recension of the work that there are " three hundred bones in the human organism but the follower of the Vedas say that their number is three hundred and sixty" which tallies with the number given in the Yajnavalkya Smrti. The author of the Garuda Puranam, whoever he might be must have been sufficiently familiar with the works of Nagarjuna and other Buddhistic Medical Acaryas so as to be fully convinced of the truth of their statement and attempted to make the Vedic number of skeletal bones as near to the truth as possible. This fact serves to throw a new light upon the date of the composition of the Brahmanism once more attempted to restore the teachings of the Vedas in their pristine glory and the truths of the Buddhistic science or metaphysics were still too potent a factor to be ignored or lightly dismissed a fact which support our contention and lends a plausible colour to the view we have adopted as regards the probable date of the composition of the Garuda Puranam.

In the first Chapter we learn that the Puranam consistes of eight thousand and eight hundred verses and the subjects dealt with therein are creations of the universe Pujas, holy pools and shrines. Cosmogony and Geography Ages Manus, Duties of differents social orders Gifts making Duties of kings etc. Laws Vratas Royal dynasties Vedagas, Pralaya Laws of Virtue desire and money and knowledge (of Brahman and external things). These then were the main themes that were originally dealt with in the Guruda Puranam and we may say that this was so in the light of the principle of Adhyaya sampravibhaga (classification of chapters) which forms one of the cardinal rules in forming the plan of a Sanskrit work. We regret to say that many things having a direct bearing thereon have been added to it. And within the compass of the eight thousand and eight hundred slokas, as laid down in the introductory chapter. Thus we see that the Pretakhanda or Visnu dharmottara, was added to it by way of an appendix and the reason of these successive accretions to the text can easily understood if we consider that the Garuda Puranam like the Agni etc. although originally a compendium of the available Brahmanical knowledge and rituals pursued and followed by the Vaisnava section of the community came to gather in many tributaries from the other branches of Brahmanic thought and religion as the distinction between the sects of Visnu and other sects Siva and Sakti etc., came to be less marked and pronounced off. Thus we see many Tantrik rites and Mantras such as the Tripura Vidya, Nityaklinna vidya were introduced into the Garuda Puranam.

From the Jacket

The different works known by the name of Puranas (or old) are evidently derived from the myth heroic stage of Hindu belief. The puranas are commonly stated to be eighteen in number. It is said there are also eighteen Upa-Puranas but the names of all these are not found. The principal eighteen Puranas are Brahma, Padma, Visnu, Siva, Bhagvata, Naradiya, Markandeya, Agni, Bhavisya, Brahma, Vaivarta, Linga, Varaha, Skanda, Vamana, Kurma, Matsya, Garuda and Brahmanda.

All these Puranas are classed into three groups according to the qualities, which prevail in them. The matsya Purana remarks that those in which glory of Hari or Visnu prevails are Sattvika those in which the legends of Agni of Siva predominated are Tamasa and those which dwell most on the stories of Brahma are Rajasa.

The Garuda Puranam is a Vaisnava Purana and hence can be termed as Sattvika Purana. It is enumerated in all the lists available in the Puranas though these are not very ancient yet they show the popularity of the Garuda Purana in the Puranic literature. Also the authors of Dharmasastric digests and philosophical works quote extensively from the Garuda Purana thus it holds a unique place among the Puranas.

The present English translation by M. N. Dutt translated into English many Puranas and the Garuda Purana was one of them. It was first published in the year 108. Then it was reprinted. Now publishing its English translation with Sanskrit Verses. It is a medium size Purana consisting eight thousand verses. According to M. N. Dutt the book comprise three Samhitas viz the Agastya Samhita the Brhaspati Samhita ( Nitisara) and the Dhanvantari Samhita. Each one of those Samhitas would give it a permanent value and accord to it an undying fame among the works of practical ethics or Applied medicine. The Agastya Samhita deals with the names of the countries from which our fore fathers used to collect these gems the cutting polishing setting and apprecising etc. of the several kind of jems and dimond as they were practised in ancient in India cannot but be interesting to artists and ay men and the scientific traders unbedded in the highly poetic accounts of these original gems.

With the publication of this important purana alongwith English translation from a rare book by Dr. M. N. Dutt will help the scholars and the devotees as well.



 Preface to the Editionv
Chapter IDiscourse between Suta and Saunaka and other Rsis in the forest of Naimisa Suta promises to narrate the Garuda Puranam1
Chapter IISources of the Garuda Puranam- Visnu charges Garuda to compose the Garuda Puranam4
Chapter IIISuta describes the subjects dealt with in the Garuda Puranam8
Chapter IVOrder of Universal creation described by Narayana to Rudra9
Chapter VCreation of the Prajapatis. The Progeny of Daksa described11
Chapter VIRe- incarnation of Daksa in the form of Prachetas – Origin of the different races of men the progeny of Kasyapa described14
Chapter VIIDescription of the sun-worship etc. as performed by the Swayambhu Manu.18
Chapter VIIIDescription of the mode of worshiping Visnu20
Chapter IXThe mode of spiritual initiation21
Chapter XThe mode of worshipping the goddess Laksmi22
Chapter XIDescription of the Nava- Vyuha form of worship23
Chapter XIIDescription of the order to be observed in the course of worship26
Chapter XIIIThe prayer of Visnu Panjaram28
Chapter XIVA brief discourse on Yoga30
Chapter XVEnumeration of one thousand epithets of Visnu31
Chapter XVIDescription of the mode of meditation on Visnu as well as of the rite of sun worship41
Chapter XVIIDescription of another form of sun worship43
Chapter XVIIIMode of worshipping the death conquering deity (Mrtyunjaya)44
Chapter XIXThe Garudi Vidya which is the cure for all kinds of snake bite45
Chapter XXMantra-cure (curative formulas) of snake bite as narrated by Siva48
Chapter XXIMode of worshipping the Pancavaktra (five faced) manifestation of Siva50
Chapter XXIIThe mode of worshipping Siva50
Chapter XXIIIDescription of another form the Siva worship52
Chapter XXIVThe worship of Ganapati55
Chapter XXVSandal- worship Paduka puja described56
Chapter XXVIThe mode of performing the rites of Kara- nyasa (location of the energies of different divities in the different limbs by a votary by dint of occult and psychic force)56
Chapter XXVIIRites for neutralizing the effects of snake venoms57
Chapter XXVIIIThe mode of worshipping the Gopala manifestation of Visnu58
Chapter XXIXMantras to be used in connection with the worship of Sridhara manifestation of Visnu59
Chapter XXXElaborate description of the mode of worship the Sridhara manifestation of Vishnu60
Chapter XXXIDescription of other forms of Visnu worship62
Chapter XXXIIAdoration of the five fundamental principles of the universe66
Chapter XXXIIIWorship of the divine discs (Sudarsnam)69
Chapter XXXIVHayagriva worship70
Chapter XXXVThe mode of worshipping the Hayagriva manifestation of Visnu74
Chapter XXXVIMode of performing the rite of Gayatri Nyasa75
Chapter XXXVIIDescription of the glories of Gayatri76
Chapter XXXVIIIThe mode of worshipping the deities, Durga, etc.77
Chapter XXXIXDescription of other form of sun worship80
Chapter XLMahesvara worship82
Chapter XLIEnumeration of diverse incantation Mantras (Nama Vidya)85
Chapter XLIIDescription of investing a phallic emblem with sacred thread (Siva- pavitrarohanam)85
Chapter XLIIIDescription of the rite of investing an image of Visnu with the holy thread (Visnu- pavitrarohanam)87
Chapter XLIVContemplation of embodied God90
Chapter XLVCharacteristic marks of Salagrama Stones92
Chapter XLVIAdoration of the deity presiding over homesteads (Vastu)94
Chapter XLVIIEssential fetures presiding temple or of a place97
Chapter XLVIIIInstallations of Divine images100
Chapter XLIXDiscourses on Yoga and acts of piety107
Chapter LDiscourse on Yoga and gift makings, etc110
Chapter LIDonations116
Chapter LIIRegulations of Prayascittas (penitential rites)119
Chapter LIIITraits of conduct of men marked by the several kinds of Nidhis121
Chapter LIVProgeny of Priya Vrata and incidental description of the seven Islands of the Earth122
Chapter LVDescription of the Geographical situations of the different countries123
Chapter LVIEnumeration of the names of princes of the continent of Plaksa etc.124
Chapter LVIICosmogeny of Hell and the neither regions126
Chapter LVIIIPositions and dimensions of the sun and other planets126
Chapter LIXDiscourses on Astrology presiding deities of the different planets and constellations of stars, situations of Yoginis on the different days of the fortnight etc.129
Chapter LXDiscourses on the period of influence of the different planets with that of the sun133
Chapter LXIInfluences of the moon in her different mansions134
Chapter LXIIDiscourses of Lagnamana and determination of what one ought or ought not to do from the stable or mobile character of the Langa136
Chapter LXIIIA brief discourse on the auspicious and inauspicious marks on the persons of males137
Chapter LXIVA brief discourse on the auspicious or in auspicious marks on the person of females138
Chapter LXVAuspicious marks on men and women as disclosed by the science of Samudrikam140
Chapter LXVIDescription of the specific marks of Sala-grama, description of Tirthas and of sixty countries such as Prabhasa148
Chapter LXVIIThe science of Pavana Vijaya (conquest of breath) and auguring bad of evil from the direction of the breath wind150
Chapter LXVIII(Agastya Samhita) Description of the origin of gems in the treatise on Ratna Pariksa (test of gems) by the holy Agastya153
Chapter LXIXTests of Pearls157
Chapter LXXTests of Ruby162
Chapter LXXITests of Emerald165
Chapter LXXIITests of Sapphires167
Chapter LXXIIITests of Lapis Lazuli (Vaidurya)169
Chapter LXXIVTests of topas (puspa-raga)171
Chapter LXXVTests of Karketana171
Chapter LXXVITest of Bhisma -stone172
Chapter LXXVIITests of Pulaka stones173
Chapter LXXVIIITest of blood stone174
Chapter LXXIXTests of crystals174
Chapter LXXXTests of Corals175
Chapter LXXXIA brief description of holy pools and sanctuaries175
Chapter LXXXIIDescription of the sanctity of Gaya and its early history178
Chapter LXXXIIIDescription of different rite to be performed at different180
Chapter LXXXIVAblutions in the river Phalgu merit of masing offerings of funeral cakes at Rudra. History of king Visala187
Chapter LXXXVMerit of offering funeral cakes at Pretasila in Gaya191
Chapter LXXXVIMerit of performing Sraddhas at Preta Sila193
Chapter LXXXVIIEnumeration of the names of fourteen Manus and of the Devas and Saptarsis.196
Chapter LXXXVIIIAnnals of Ruci incidentally narrated in the discourse between Markandeya and Kraustika201
Chapter LXXXIXRuci hymnises the Pitris who in their turn grant him a boon203
Chapter XCMarriage of Ruci and birth of Raucya Manu211
Chapter XCIContemplation of Hari211
Chapter XCIIContemplation of Hari and its process213
Chapter XCIIILaws of virtue as promulgated by the holy Yajnavalkya215
Chapter XCIVInitiation with the holy thread the study of the Vedas216
Chapter XCVDuties of house holders219
Chapter XCVIOrigin of mixed castes the grat Yajnas Sandhya rites duties of house holders and members of different castes222
Chapter XCVIIPurifications of Metalled articles229
Chapter XCVIIIGift making and Charity230
Chapter XCIXMode of performing Sraddhas232
Chapter CWorship of Vinayakas Durga236
Chapter CIPropitiation of malignant Planets237
Chapter CIIDuties of the order of forest dwelling hermits239
Chapter CIIIDuties of Yatis239
Chapter CIVSigns of sinful souls240
Chapter CVRites of atonement (Prayaschitta)241
Chapter CVIImpurities and Purities247
Chapter CVIIA synopsis of the Dharma Sastra by Parasara250


Chapter CVIIISynopsis of rules of conduct254
Chapter CIXAdvice on thrift and economy in the Nitisara256
Chapter CXAdvice as to the non-rejectment of certain goods261
Chapter CXICommendable traits in kings etc. (in the Nitisara)264
Chapter CXIICommendable traits in servants (in the Nitisara)267
Chapter CXIIIInjunctions as to the appointments of the honest and the erudite in the king's service etc.269
Chapter CXIVInjunctions as to the distinction of friends and enemies (in the Nitisara)274
Chapter CXVCounsels by Shaunaka on forswearing bad wives etc. (End of the Brihaspati Samhita)280
Chapter CXVIEnumeration of the names of Vratas (vows and penances) commenced287
Chapter CXVIIThe Ananga trayodasi Vratam


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